
Amedeo Cesta, Alberto Finzi, Simone Fratini, Andrea Orlandini, and Enrico Tronci. "Validation and verification issues in a timelinebased planning system." The Knowledge Engineering Review 25, no. 03 (2010): 299–318. Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/S0269888910000160.
Abstract: One of the key points to take into account to foster effective introduction of AI planning and scheduling systems in real world is to develop end user trust in the related technologies. Automated planning and scheduling systems often brings solutions to the users which are neither Ã¢â¬ÅobviousÃ¢â¬Â nor immediately acceptable for them. This is due to the ability of these tools to take into account quite an amount of temporal and causal constraints and to employ resolution processes often designed to optimize the solution with respect to non trivial evaluation functions. To increase technology trust, the study of tools for verifying and validating plans and schedules produced by AI systems might be instrumental. In general, validation and verification techniques represent a needed complementary technology in developing domain independent architectures for automated problem solving. This paper presents a preliminary report of the issues concerned with the use of two software tools for formal verification of finite state systems to the validation of the solutions produced by MrSPOCK, a recent effort for building a timeline based planning tool in an ESA project.



Federico Mari, Igor Melatti, Ivano Salvo, Enrico Tronci, Lorenzo Alvisi, Allen Clement, and Harry Li. "Model Checking Coalition Nash Equilibria in MAD Distributed Systems." In Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems, 11th International Symposium, SSS 2009, Lyon, France, November 36, 2009. Proceedings, edited by R. Guerraoui and F. Petit, 531–546. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5873. Springer, 2009. DOI: 10.1007/9783642051180_37.
Abstract: We present two OBDD based model checking algorithms for the verification of Nash equilibria in finite state mechanisms modeling Multiple Administrative Domains (MAD) distributed systems with possibly colluding agents (coalitions) and with possibly faulty or malicious nodes (Byzantine agents). Given a finite state mechanism, a proposed protocol for each agent and the maximum sizes f for Byzantine agents and q for agents collusions, our model checkers return Pass if the proposed protocol is an εfqNash equilibrium, i.e. no coalition of size up to q may have an interest greater than ε in deviating from the proposed protocol when up to f Byzantine agents are present, Fail otherwise. We implemented our model checking algorithms within the NuSMV model checker: the first one explicitly checks equilibria for each coalition, while the second represents symbolically all coalitions. We present experimental results showing their effectiveness for moderate size mechanisms. For example, we can verify coalition Nash equilibria for mechanisms which corresponding normal form games would have more than $5 \times 10^21$ entries. Moreover, we compare the two approaches, and the explicit algorithm turns out to outperform the symbolic one. To the best of our knowledge, no model checking algorithm for verification of Nash equilibria of mechanisms with coalitions has been previously published.



Silvia Mazzini, Stefano Puri, Federico Mari, Igor Melatti, and Enrico Tronci. "Formal Verification at System Level." In In: DAta Systems In Aerospace (DASIA), Org. EuroSpace, Canadian Space Agency, CNES, ESA, EUMETSAT. Instanbul, Turkey, EuroSpace., 2009.
Abstract: System Level Analysis calls for a language comprehensible to experts with different background and yet precise enough to support meaningful analyses. SysML is emerging as an effective balance between such conflicting goals. In this paper we outline some the results obtained as for SysML based system level functional formal verification by an ESA/ESTEC study, with a collaboration among INTECS and La Sapienza University of Roma. The study focuses on SysML based system level functional requirements techniques.



Amedeo Cesta, Alberto Finzi, Simone Fratini, Andrea Orlandini, and Enrico Tronci. "Flexible Plan Verification: Feasibility Results." In 16th RCRA International Workshop on “Experimental evaluation of algorithms for solving problems with combinatorial explosion” (RCRA). Proceedings., 2009.



Andrea Bobbio, Ester Ciancamerla, Michele Minichino, and Enrico Tronci. "Functional analysis of a telecontrol system and stochastic measures of its GSM/GPRS connections." Archives of Transport – International Journal of Transport Problems 17, no. 34 (2005).



Marco Gribaudo, Andras HorvÃ¡th, Andrea Bobbio, Enrico Tronci, Ester Ciancamerla, and Michele Minichino. "Fluid Petri Nets and hybrid model checking: a comparative case study." Int. Journal on: Reliability Engineering & System Safety 81, no. 3 (2003): 239–257. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/S09518320(03)000899.
Abstract: The modeling and analysis of hybrid systems is a recent and challenging research area which is actually dominated by two main lines: a functional analysis based on the description of the system in terms of discrete state (hybrid) automata (whose goal is to ascertain conformity and reachability properties), and a stochastic analysis (whose aim is to provide performance and dependability measures). This paper investigates a unifying view between formal methods and stochastic methods by proposing an analysis methodology of hybrid systems based on Fluid Petri Nets (FPNs). FPNs can be analyzed directly using appropriate tools. Our paper shows that the same FPN model can be fed to different functional analyzers for model checking. In order to extensively explore the capability of the technique, we have converted the original FPN into languages for discrete as well as hybrid as well as stochastic model checkers. In this way, a first comparison among the modeling power of well known tools can be carried out. Our approach is illustrated by means of a Ã¢â¬â¢real worldÃ¢â¬â¢ hybrid system: the temperature control system of a cogenerative plant.



Enrico Tronci. "Hardware Verification, Boolean Logic Programming, Boolean Functional Programming." In Tenth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), 408–418. San Diego, California: IEEE Computer Society, 1995. DOI: 10.1109/LICS.1995.523275.
Abstract: One of the main obstacles to automatic verification of finite state systems (FSSs) is state explosion. In this respect automatic verification of an FSS M using model checking and binary decision diagrams (BDDs) has an intrinsic limitation: no automatic global optimization of the verification task is possible until a BDD representation for M is generated. This is because systems and specifications are defined using different languages. To perform global optimization before generating a BDD representation for M we propose to use the same language to define systems and specifications. We show that first order logic on a Boolean domain yields an efficient functional programming language that can be used to represent, specify and automatically verify FSSs, e.g. on a SUN Sparc Station 2 we were able to automatically verify a 64 bit commercial multiplier.



Enrico Tronci. "Defining Data Structures via BÃ¶hmOut." J. Funct. Program. 5, no. 1 (1995): 51–64. DOI: 10.1017/S0956796800001234.
Abstract: We show that any recursively enumerable subset of a data structure can be regarded as the solution set to a B??hmout problem.



Corrado BÃ¶hm, and Enrico Tronci. "About Systems of Equations, XSeparability, and LeftInvertibility in the lambdaCalculus." Inf. Comput. 90, no. 1 (1991): 1–32. DOI: 10.1016/08905401(91)900579.



Adolfo Piperno, and Enrico Tronci. "Regular Systems of Equations in λcalculus." Int. J. Found. Comput. Sci. 1, no. 3 (1990): 325–340. DOI: 10.1142/S0129054190000230.
Abstract: Many problems arising in equational theories like Lambdacalculus and Combinatory Logic can be expressed by combinatory equations or systems of equations. However, the solvability problem for an arbitrarily given class of systems is in general undecidable. In this paper we shall focus our attention on a decidable class of systems, which will be called regular systems, and we shall analyse some classical problems and wellknown properties of Lambdacalculus that can be described and solved by means of regular systems. The significance of such class will be emphasized showing that for slight extensions of it the solvability problem turns out to be undecidable.

