
Enrico Tronci. "Equational Programming in LambdaCalculus via SLSystems. Part 2." Theoretical Computer Science 160, no. 1&2 (1996): 185–216. DOI: 10.1016/03043975(95)001069.



Enrico Tronci. "Equational Programming in lambdacalculus." In Sixth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), 191–202. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IEEE Computer Society, 1991. DOI: 10.1109/LICS.1991.151644.



Andrea Bobbio, Sandro Bologna, Michele Minichino, Ester Ciancamerla, Piero Incalcaterra, Corrado Kropp, and Enrico Tronci. "Advanced techniques for safety analysis applied to the gas turbine control system of Icaro co generative plant." In X Convegno Tecnologie e Sistemi Energetici Complessi, 339–350. Genova, Italy, 2001.
Abstract: The paper describes two complementary and integrable approaches, a probabilistic one and a deterministic one, based on classic and advanced modelling techniques for safety analysis of complex computer based systems. The probabilistic approach is based on classical and innovative probabilistic analysis methods. The deterministic approach is based on formal verification methods. Such approaches are applied to the gas turbine control system of ICARO co generative plant, in operation at ENEA CR Casaccia. The main difference between the two approaches, behind the underlining different theories, is that the probabilistic one addresses the control system by itself, as the set of sensors, processing units and actuators, while the deterministic one also includes the behaviour of the equipment under control which interacts with the control system. The final aim of the research, documented in this paper, is to explore an innovative method which put the probabilistic and deterministic approaches in a strong relation to overcome the drawbacks of their isolated, selective and fragmented use which can lead to inconsistencies in the evaluation results.



Benedetto Intrigila, Ivano Salvo, and Stefano Sorgi. "A characterization of weakly ChurchRosser abstract reduction systems that are not ChurchRosser." Information and Computation 171, no. 2 (2001): 137–155. Academic Press, Inc.. ISSN: 08905401. DOI: 10.1006/inco.2001.2945.
Abstract: Basic properties of rewriting systems can be stated in the framework of abstract reduction systems (ARS). Properties like confluence (or ChurchRosser, CR) and weak confluence (or weak ChurchRosser, WCR) and their relationships can be studied in this setting: as a matter of fact, wellknown counterexamples to the implication WCR CR have been formulated as ARS. In this paper, starting from the observation that such counterexamples are structurally similar, we set out a graphtheoretic characterization of WCR ARS that is not CR in terms of a suitable class of reduction graphs, such that in every WCR not CR ARS, we can embed at least one element of this class. Moreover, we give a tighter characterization for a restricted class of ARS enjoying a suitable regularity condition. Finally, as a consequence of our approach, we prove some interesting results about ARS using the mathematical tools developed. In particular, we prove an extension of the NewmanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s lemma and we find out conditions that, once assumed together with WCR property, ensure the unique normal form property. The Appendix treats two interesting examples, both generated by graphrewriting rules, with specific combinatorial properties.



Antonio Bucciarelli, Adolfo Piperno, and Ivano Salvo. "Intersection types and λdefinability." Mathematical Structures in Computer Science 13, no. 1 (2003): 15–53. Cambridge University Press. ISSN: 09601295. DOI: 10.1017/S0960129502003833.
Abstract: This paper presents a novel method for comparing computational properties of λterms that are typeable with intersection types, with respect to terms that are typeable with Curry types. We introduce a translation from intersection typing derivations to Curry typeable terms that is preserved by βreduction: this allows the simulation of a computation starting from a term typeable in the intersection discipline by means of a computation starting from a simply typeable term. Our approach proves strong normalisation for the intersection system naturally by means of purely syntactical techniques. The paper extends the results presented in Bucciarelli et al. (1999) to the whole intersection type system of Barendregt, Coppo and Dezani, thus providing a complete proof of the conjecture, proposed in Leivant (1990), that all functions uniformly definable using intersection types are already definable using Curry types.



Antonio Bucciarelli, and Ivano Salvo. "Totality, Definability and Boolean Circuits." 1443 (1998): 808–819. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/BFb0055104.
Abstract: In the type frame originating from the flat domain of boolean values, we single out elements which are hereditarily total. We show that these elements can be defined, up to total equivalence, by sequential programs. The elements of an equivalence class of the totality equivalence relation (totality class) can be seen as different algorithms for computing a given settheoretic boolean function. We show that the bottom element of a totality class, which is sequential, corresponds to the most eager algorithm, and the top to the laziest one. Finally we suggest a link between size of totality classes and a well known measure of complexity of boolean functions, namely their sensitivity.



Antonio Bucciarelli, Silvia de Lorenzis, Adolfo Piperno, and Ivano Salvo. "Some Computational Properties of Intersection Types (Extended Abstract)." (1999): 109–118. IEEE Computer Society. DOI: 10.1109/LICS.1999.782598.
Abstract: This paper presents a new method for comparing computationproperties of λterms typeable with intersection types with respect to terms typeable with Curry types. In particular, strong normalization and λdefinability are investigated. A translation is introduced from intersection typing derivations to Curry typeable terms; the main feature of the proposed technique is that the translation is preserved by βreduction. This allows to simulate a computation starting from a term typeable in the intersection discipline by means of a computation starting from a simply typeable term. Our approach naturally leads to prove strong normalization in the intersection system by means of purely syntactical techniques. In addition, the presented method enables us to give a proof of a conjecture proposed by Leivant in 1990, namely that all functions uniformly definable using intersection types are already definable using Curry types.
Keywords: lambda calculusCurry types, intersection types, lambdadefinability, lambdaterms, strong normalization



Mario Coppo, Mariangiola DezaniCiancaglini, Elio Giovannetti, and Ivano Salvo. "Mobility Types for Mobile Processes in Mobile Ambients." Electr. Notes Theor. Comput. Sci. 78 (2003). DOI: 10.1016/S15710661(04)810119.
Abstract: We present an ambientlike calculus in which the open capability is dropped, and a new form of Ã¢â‚¬Å“lightweightÃ¢â‚¬Â¯ process mobility is introduced. The calculus comes equipped with a type system that allows the kind of values exchanged in communications and the access and mobility properties of processes to be controlled. A type inference procedure determines the Ã¢â‚¬Å“minimalÃ¢â‚¬Â¯ requirements to accept a system or a component as well typed. This gives a kind of principal typing. As an expressiveness test, we show that some well known calculi of concurrency and mobility can be encoded in our calculus in a natural way.



Giuseppe Della Penna, Benedetto Intrigila, Igor Melatti, Enrico Tronci, and Marisa Venturini Zilli. "Finite horizon analysis of Markov Chains with the Mur$\varphi$ verifier." Int. J. Softw. Tools Technol. Transf. 8, no. 4 (2006): 397–409. SpringerVerlag. ISSN: 14332779. DOI: 10.1007/s1000900502167.
Abstract: In this paper we present an explicit diskbased verification algorithm for Probabilistic Systems defining discrete time/finite state Markov Chains. Given a Markov Chain and an integer k (horizon), our algorithm checks whether the probability of reaching an error state in at most k steps is below a given threshold. We present an implementation of our algorithm within a suitable extension of the Mur$\varphi$ verifier. We call the resulting probabilistic model checker FHPMur$\varphi$ (Finite Horizon Probabilistic Mur$\varphi$). We present experimental results comparing FHPMur$\varphi$ with (a finite horizon subset of) PRISM, a stateoftheart symbolic model checker for Markov Chains. Our experimental results show that FHPMur$\varphi$ can handle systems that are out of reach for PRISM, namely those involving arithmetic operations on the state variables (e.g. hybrid systems).



Giuseppe Della Penna, Benedetto Intrigila, Igor Melatti, Enrico Tronci, and Marisa Venturini Zilli. "Bounded Probabilistic Model Checking with the Mur$\varphi$ Verifier." In Formal Methods in ComputerAided Design, 5th International Conference, FMCAD 2004, Austin, Texas, USA, November 1517, 2004, Proceedings, edited by A. J. Hu and A. K. Martin, 214–229. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3312. Springer, 2004. ISSN: 3540237380. DOI: 10.1007/9783540304944_16.
Abstract: In this paper we present an explicit verification algorithm for Probabilistic Systems defining discrete time/finite state Markov Chains. We restrict ourselves to verification of Bounded PCTL formulas (BPCTL), that is, PCTL formulas in which all Until operators are bounded, possibly with different bounds. This means that we consider only paths (system runs) of bounded length. Given a Markov Chain $\cal M$ and a BPCTL formula Φ, our algorithm checks if Φ is satisfied in $\cal M$. This allows to verify important properties, such as reliability in Discrete Time Hybrid Systems. We present an implementation of our algorithm within a suitable extension of the Mur$\varphi$ verifier. We call FHPMur$\varphi$ (Finite Horizon Probabilistic Mur$\varphi$) such extension of the Mur$\varphi$ verifier. We give experimental results comparing FHPMur$\varphi$ with (a finite horizon subset of) PRISM, a stateoftheart symbolic model checker for Markov Chains. Our experimental results show that FHPMur$\varphi$ can effectively handle verification of BPCTL formulas for systems that are out of reach for PRISM, namely those involving arithmetic operations on the state variables (e.g. hybrid systems).

