
Q. M. Chen, A. Finzi, T. Mancini, I. Melatti, and E. Tronci. "MILP, PseudoBoolean, and OMT Solvers for Optimal FaultTolerant Placements of Relay Nodes in Mission Critical Wireless Networks." Fundamenta Informaticae 174 (2020): 229–258. IOS Press. ISSN: 18758681. DOI: 10.3233/FI20201941.
Abstract: In critical infrastructures like airports, much care has to be devoted in protecting radio communication networks from external electromagnetic interference. Protection of such missioncritical radio communication networks is usually tackled by exploiting radiogoniometers: at least three suitably deployed radiogoniometers, and a gateway gathering information from them, permit to monitor and localise sources of electromagnetic emissions that are not supposed to be present in the monitored area. Typically, radiogoniometers are connected to the gateway through relay nodes . As a result, some degree of faulttolerance for the network of relay nodes is essential in order to offer a reliable monitoring. On the other hand, deployment of relay nodes is typically quite expensive. As a result, we have two conflicting requirements: minimise costs while guaranteeing a given faulttolerance. In this paper, we address the problem of computing a deployment for relay nodes that minimises the overall cost while at the same time guaranteeing proper working of the network even when some of the relay nodes (up to a given maximum number) become faulty (faulttolerance ). We show that, by means of a computationintensive preprocessing on a HPC infrastructure, the above optimisation problem can be encoded as a 0/1 Linear Program, becoming suitable to be approached with standard Artificial Intelligence reasoners like MILP, PBSAT, and SMT/OMT solvers. Our problem formulation enables us to present experimental results comparing the performance of these three solving technologies on a real case study of a relay node network deployment in areas of the Leonardo da Vinci Airport in Rome, Italy.



Amedeo Cesta, Alberto Finzi, Simone Fratini, Andrea Orlandini, and Enrico Tronci. "Merging Planning, Scheduling & Verification – A Preliminary Analysis." In In Proc. of 10th ESA Workshop on Advanced Space Technologies for Robotics and Automation (ASTRA)., 2008.



S. Fischer, R. Ehrig, S. Schaefer, E. Tronci, T. Mancini, M. Egli, F. Ille, T. H. C. Krueger, B. Leeners, and S. Roeblitz. "Mathematical Modeling and Simulation Provides Evidence for New Strategies of Ovarian Stimulation." Frontiers in Endocrinology 12 (2021): 117. ISSN: 16642392. DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2021.613048.
Abstract: New approaches to ovarian stimulation protocols, such as luteal start, random start or double stimulation, allow for flexibility in ovarian stimulation at different phases of the menstrual cycle. It has been proposed that the success of these methods is based on the continuous growth of multiple cohorts (“waves”) of follicles throughout the menstrual cycle which leads to the availability of ovarian follicles for ovarian controlled stimulation at several time points. Though several preliminary studies have been published, their scientific evidence has not been considered as being strong enough to integrate these results into routine clinical practice. This work aims at adding further scientific evidence about the efficiency of variablestart protocols and underpinning the theory of follicular waves by using mathematical modeling and numerical simulations. For this purpose, we have modified and coupled two previously published models, one describing the time course of hormones and one describing competitive follicular growth in a normal menstrual cycle. The coupled model is used to test ovarian stimulation protocols in silico. Simulation results show the occurrence of follicles in a wavelike manner during a normal menstrual cycle and qualitatively predict the outcome of ovarian stimulation initiated at different time points of the menstrual cycle.



V. Alimguzhin, F. Mari, I. Melatti, I. Salvo, and E. Tronci. "Linearising Discrete Time Hybrid Systems." IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 62, no. 10 (2017): 5357–5364. ISSN: 00189286. DOI: 10.1109/TAC.2017.2694559.
Abstract: Model Based Design approaches for embedded systems aim at generating correctbyconstruction control software, guaranteeing that the closed loop system (controller and plant) meets given system level formal specifications. This technical note addresses control synthesis for safety and reachability properties of possibly nonlinear discrete time hybrid systems. By means of syntactical transformations that require nonlinear terms to be Lipschitz continuous functions, we overapproximate nonlinear dynamics with a linear system whose controllers are guaranteed to be controllers of the original system. We evaluate performance of our approach on meaningful control synthesis benchmarks, also comparing it to a stateoftheart tool.



Federico Mari, Igor Melatti, Ivano Salvo, and Enrico Tronci. "Linear Constraints as a Modeling Language for Discrete Time Hybrid Systems." In Proceedings of ICSEA 2012, The Seventh International Conference on Software Engineering Advances, 664–671. ThinkMind, 2012.



Federico Mari, Igor Melatti, Ivano Salvo, and Enrico Tronci. "Linear Constraints and Guarded Predicates as a Modeling Language for Discrete Time Hybrid Systems." International Journal on Advances in Software vol. 6, nr 1&2 (2013): 155–169. IARIA. ISSN: 19422628.
Abstract: Model based design is particularly appealing in
software based control systems (e.g., embedded
software) design, since in such a case system
level specifications are much easier to define
than the control software behavior itself. In
turn, model based design of embedded systems
requires modeling both continuous subsystems
(typically, the plant) as well as discrete
subsystems (the controller). This is typically
done using hybrid systems. Mixed Integer Linear
Programming (MILP) based abstraction techniques
have been successfully applied to automatically
synthesize correctbyconstruction control
software for discrete time linear hybrid systems,
where plant dynamics is modeled as a linear
predicate over state, input, and next state
variables. Unfortunately, MILP solvers require
such linear predicates to be conjunctions of
linear constraints, which is not a natural way of
modeling hybrid systems. In this paper we show
that, under the hypothesis that each variable
ranges over a bounded interval, any linear
predicate built upon conjunction and disjunction
of linear constraints can be automatically
translated into an equivalent conjunctive
predicate. Since variable bounds play a key role
in this translation, our algorithm includes a
procedure to compute all implicit variable bounds
of the given linear predicate. Furthermore, we
show that a particular form of linear predicates,
namely guarded predicates, are a natural and
powerful language to succinctly model discrete
time linear hybrid systems dynamics. Finally, we
experimentally show the feasibility of our
approach on an important and challenging case
study taken from the literature, namely the
multiinput Buck DCDC Converter. As an example,
the guarded predicate that models (with 57
constraints) a 6inputs Buck DCDC Converter is
translated in a conjunctive predicate (with 102
linear constraints) in about 40 minutes.
Keywords: Modelbased software design; Linear predicates; Hybrid systems



B. Leeners, T. H. C. Kruger, K. Geraedts, E. Tronci, T. Mancini, F. Ille, M. Egli, S. RÃ¶blitz, L. Saleh, K. Spanaus et al. "Lack of Associations between Female Hormone Levels and Visuospatial Working Memory, Divided Attention and Cognitive Bias across Two Consecutive Menstrual Cycles." Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 11 (2017): 120. ISSN: 16625153. DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00120.
Abstract: Background: Interpretation of observational studies on associations between prefrontal cognitive functioning and hormone levels across the female menstrual cycle is complicated due to small sample sizes and poor replicability. Methods: This observational multisite study comprised data of n=88 menstruating women from Hannover, Germany, and Zurich, Switzerland, assessed during a first cycle and n=68 reassessed during a second cycle to rule out practice effects and falsepositive chance findings. We assessed visuospatial working memory, attention, cognitive bias and hormone levels at four consecutive timepoints across both cycles. In addition to interindividual differences we examined intraindividual change over time (i.e., withinsubject effects). Results: Oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone did not relate to interindividual differences in cognitive functioning. There was a significant negative association between intraindividual change in progesterone and change in working memory from preovulatory to midluteal phase during the first cycle, but that association did not replicate in the second cycle. Intraindividual change in testosterone related negatively to change in cognitive bias from menstrual to preovulatory as well as from preovulatory to midluteal phase in the first cycle, but these associations did not replicate in the second cycle. Conclusions: There is no consistent association between women's hormone levels, in particular oestrogen and progesterone, and attention, working memory and cognitive bias. That is, anecdotal findings observed during the first cycle did not replicate in the second cycle, suggesting that these are falsepositives attributable to random variation and systematic biases such as practice effects. Due to methodological limitations, positive findings in the published literature must be interpreted with reservation.



Enrico Tronci. "Introductory Paper." Sttt 8, no. 45 (2006): 355–358. DOI: 10.1007/s100090050212y.
Abstract: In todayÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s competitive market designing of digital systems (hardware as well as software) faces tremendous challenges. In fact, notwithstanding an ever decreasing project budget, time to market and product lifetime, designers are faced with an ever increasing system complexity and customer expected quality. The above situation calls for better and better formal verification techniques at all steps of the design flow. This special issue is devoted to publishing revised versions of contributions first presented at the 12th Advanced Research Working Conference on Correct Hardware Design and Verification Methods (CHARME) held 21Ã‚â€“24 October 2003 in LÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Aquila, Italy. Authors of well regarded papers from CHARMEÃ¢â‚¬â„¢03 were invited to submit to this special issue. All papers included here have been suitably extended and have undergone an independent round of reviewing.



Antonio Bucciarelli, Adolfo Piperno, and Ivano Salvo. "Intersection types and λdefinability." Mathematical Structures in Computer Science 13, no. 1 (2003): 15–53. Cambridge University Press. ISSN: 09601295. DOI: 10.1017/S0960129502003833.
Abstract: This paper presents a novel method for comparing computational properties of λterms that are typeable with intersection types, with respect to terms that are typeable with Curry types. We introduce a translation from intersection typing derivations to Curry typeable terms that is preserved by βreduction: this allows the simulation of a computation starting from a term typeable in the intersection discipline by means of a computation starting from a simply typeable term. Our approach proves strong normalisation for the intersection system naturally by means of purely syntactical techniques. The paper extends the results presented in Bucciarelli et al. (1999) to the whole intersection type system of Barendregt, Coppo and Dezani, thus providing a complete proof of the conjecture, proposed in Leivant (1990), that all functions uniformly definable using intersection types are already definable using Curry types.



Giuseppe Della Penna, Antinisca Di Marco, Benedetto Intrigila, Igor Melatti, and Alfonso Pierantonio. "Interoperability mapping from XML schemas to ER diagrams." Data Knowl. Eng. 59, no. 1 (2006): 166–188. Elsevier Science Publishers B. V.. ISSN: 0169023x. DOI: 10.1016/j.datak.2005.08.002.
Abstract: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) is a de facto standard on the Internet and is now being used to exchange a variety of data structures. This leads to the problem of efficiently storing, querying and retrieving a great amount of data contained in XML documents. Unfortunately, XML data often need to coexist with historical data. At present, the best solution for storing XML into preexisting data structures is to extract the information from the XML documents and adapt it to the data structuresÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ logical model (e.g., the relational model of a DBMS). In this paper, we introduce a technique called Xere (XML entityÃ‚â€“relationship exchange) to assist the integration of XML data with other data sources. To this aim, we present an algorithm that maps XML schemas into entityÃ‚â€“relationship diagrams, discuss its soundness and completeness and show its implementation in XSLT.

