
Corrado BÃ¶hm, and Enrico Tronci. "About Systems of Equations, XSeparability, and LeftInvertibility in the lambdaCalculus." Inf. Comput. 90, no. 1 (1991): 1–32. DOI: 10.1016/08905401(91)900579.



Benedetto Intrigila, Igor Melatti, Alberto Tofani, and Guido Macchiarelli. "Computational models of myocardial endomysial collagen arrangement." Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 86, no. 3 (2007): 232–244. Elsevier NorthHolland, Inc.. ISSN: 01692607. DOI: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2007.03.004.
Abstract: Collagen extracellular matrix is one of the factors related to high passive stiffness of cardiac muscle. However, the architecture and the mechanical aspects of the cardiac collagen matrix are not completely known. In particular, endomysial collagen contribution to the passive mechanics of cardiac muscle as well as its micro anatomical arrangement is still a matter of debate. In order to investigate mechanical and structural properties of endomysial collagen, we consider two alternative computational models of some specific aspects of the cardiac muscle. These two models represent two different views of endomysial collagen distribution: (1) the traditional view and (2) a new view suggested by the data obtained from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in NaOH macerated samples (a method for isolating collagen from the other tissue). We model the myocardial tissue as a net of spring elements representing the cardiomyocytes together with the endomysial collagen distribution. Each element is a viscous elastic spring, characterized by an elastic and a viscous constant. We connect these springs to imitate the interconnections between collagen fibers. Then we apply to the net of springs some external forces of suitable magnitude and direction, obtaining an extension of the net itself. In our setting, the ratio forces magnitude /net extension is intended to model the stress /strain ratio of a microscopical portion of the myocardial tissue. To solve the problem of the correct identification of the values of the different parameters involved, we use an artificial neural network approach. In particular, we use this technique to learn, given a distribution of external forces, the elastic constants of the springs needed to obtain a desired extension as an equilibrium position. Our experimental findings show that, in the model of collagen distribution structured according to the new view, a given stress /strain ratio (of the net of springs, in the sense specified above) is obtained with much smaller (w.r.t. the other model, corresponding to the traditional view) elasticity constants of the springs. This seems to indicate that by an appropriate structure, a given stiffness of the myocardial tissue can be obtained with endomysial collagen fibers of much smaller size.



Marco Gribaudo, Andras HorvÃ¡th, Andrea Bobbio, Enrico Tronci, Ester Ciancamerla, and Michele Minichino. "Fluid Petri Nets and hybrid model checking: a comparative case study." Int. Journal on: Reliability Engineering & System Safety 81, no. 3 (2003): 239–257. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/S09518320(03)000899.
Abstract: The modeling and analysis of hybrid systems is a recent and challenging research area which is actually dominated by two main lines: a functional analysis based on the description of the system in terms of discrete state (hybrid) automata (whose goal is to ascertain conformity and reachability properties), and a stochastic analysis (whose aim is to provide performance and dependability measures). This paper investigates a unifying view between formal methods and stochastic methods by proposing an analysis methodology of hybrid systems based on Fluid Petri Nets (FPNs). FPNs can be analyzed directly using appropriate tools. Our paper shows that the same FPN model can be fed to different functional analyzers for model checking. In order to extensively explore the capability of the technique, we have converted the original FPN into languages for discrete as well as hybrid as well as stochastic model checkers. In this way, a first comparison among the modeling power of well known tools can be carried out. Our approach is illustrated by means of a Ã¢â‚¬â„¢real worldÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ hybrid system: the temperature control system of a cogenerative plant.



Mario Coppo, Mariangiola DezaniCiancaglini, Elio Giovannetti, and Ivano Salvo. "Mobility Types for Mobile Processes in Mobile Ambients." Electr. Notes Theor. Comput. Sci. 78 (2003). DOI: 10.1016/S15710661(04)810119.
Abstract: We present an ambientlike calculus in which the open capability is dropped, and a new form of Ã¢â‚¬Å“lightweightÃ¢â‚¬Âť process mobility is introduced. The calculus comes equipped with a type system that allows the kind of values exchanged in communications and the access and mobility properties of processes to be controlled. A type inference procedure determines the Ã¢â‚¬Å“minimalÃ¢â‚¬Âť requirements to accept a system or a component as well typed. This gives a kind of principal typing. As an expressiveness test, we show that some well known calculi of concurrency and mobility can be encoded in our calculus in a natural way.



Giuseppe Della Penna, Benedetto Intrigila, Enrico Tronci, and Marisa Venturini Zilli. "Synchronized Regular Expressions." Electr. Notes Theor. Comput. Sci. 62 (2002): 195–210. Notes: TOSCA 2001, Theory of Concurrency, Higher Order Languages and Types.
Abstract: Text manipulation is one of the most common tasks for everyone using a computer. The increasing number of textual information in electronic format that every computer user collects everyday stresses the need of more powerful tools to interact with texts. Indeed, much work has been done to provide nonprogramming tools that can be useful for the most common text manipulation issues. Regular Expressions (RE), introduced by Kleene, are wellÃ‚â€“known in the formal language theory. RE received several extensions, depending on the application of interest. In almost all the implementations of RE search algorithms (e.g. the egrep [A] UNIX command, or the Perl [17] language pattern matching constructs) we find backreferences (as defind in [1]), i.e. expressions that make reference to the string matched by a previous subexpression. Generally speaking, it seems that all the kinds of synchronizations between subexpressions in a RE can be very useful when interacting with texts. Therefore, we introduce the Synchronized Regular Expressions (SRE) as a derivation of the Regular Expressions. We use SRE to present a formal study of the already known backreferences extension, and of a new extension proposed by us, which we call the synchronized exponents. Moreover, since we are talking about formalisms that should have a practical utility and can be used in the real world, we have the problem of how to present SRE to the final users. Therefore, in this paper we also propose a userÃ‚â€“friendly syntax for SRE to be used in implementations of SREÃ‚â€“powered search algorithms.



Riccardo Focardi, Roberto Gorrieri, Ruggero Lanotte, Andrea MaggioloSchettini, Fabio Martinelli, Simone Tini, and Enrico Tronci. "Formal Models of Timing Attacks on Web Privacy." Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science 62 (2002): 229–243. Notes: TOSCA 2001, Theory of Concurrency, Higher Order Languages and Types. DOI: 10.1016/S15710661(04)003299.
Abstract: We model a timing attack on web privacy proposed by Felten and Schneider by using three different approaches: HLTimed Automata, SMV model checker, and tSPA Process Algebra. Some comparative analysis on the three approaches is derived.



V. Alimguzhin, F. Mari, I. Melatti, I. Salvo, and E. Tronci. "Linearising Discrete Time Hybrid Systems." IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 62, no. 10 (2017): 5357–5364. ISSN: 00189286. DOI: 10.1109/TAC.2017.2694559.
Abstract: Model Based Design approaches for embedded systems aim at generating correctbyconstruction control software, guaranteeing that the closed loop system (controller and plant) meets given system level formal specifications. This technical note addresses control synthesis for safety and reachability properties of possibly nonlinear discrete time hybrid systems. By means of syntactical transformations that require nonlinear terms to be Lipschitz continuous functions, we overapproximate nonlinear dynamics with a linear system whose controllers are guaranteed to be controllers of the original system. We evaluate performance of our approach on meaningful control synthesis benchmarks, also comparing it to a stateoftheart tool.



Franco Barbanera, Mariangiola DezaniCiancaglini, Ivano Salvo, and Vladimiro Sassone. "A Type Inference Algorithm for Secure Ambients." Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science 62 (2002): 83–101. Elsevier. Notes: TOSCA 2001, Theory of Concurrency, Higher Order Languages and Types. DOI: 10.1016/S15710661(04)003214.
Abstract: We consider a type discipline for the Ambient Calculus that associates ambients with security levels and constrains them to be traversed by or opened in ambients of higher security clearance only. We present a bottomup algorithm that, given an untyped process P, computes a minimal set of constraints on security levels such that all actions during runs of P are performed without violating the security level priorities. Such an algorithm appears to be a prerequisite to use type systems to ensure security properties in the web scenario.



Giuseppe Della Penna, Antinisca Di Marco, Benedetto Intrigila, Igor Melatti, and Alfonso Pierantonio. "Interoperability mapping from XML schemas to ER diagrams." Data Knowl. Eng. 59, no. 1 (2006): 166–188. Elsevier Science Publishers B. V.. ISSN: 0169023x. DOI: 10.1016/j.datak.2005.08.002.
Abstract: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) is a de facto standard on the Internet and is now being used to exchange a variety of data structures. This leads to the problem of efficiently storing, querying and retrieving a great amount of data contained in XML documents. Unfortunately, XML data often need to coexist with historical data. At present, the best solution for storing XML into preexisting data structures is to extract the information from the XML documents and adapt it to the data structuresÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ logical model (e.g., the relational model of a DBMS). In this paper, we introduce a technique called Xere (XML entityÃ‚â€“relationship exchange) to assist the integration of XML data with other data sources. To this aim, we present an algorithm that maps XML schemas into entityÃ‚â€“relationship diagrams, discuss its soundness and completeness and show its implementation in XSLT.



V. Bono, and I. Salvo. "A CuCh Interpretation of an ObjectOriented Language." Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science 50, no. 2 (2001): 159–177. Elsevier. Notes: BOTH 2001, BohmĂ˘â‚¬â„˘s theorem: applications to Computer Science Theory (Satellite Workshop of ICALP 2001). DOI: 10.1016/S15710661(04)001719.
Abstract: CuCh machine extends pure lambdaÃ‚â€“calculus with algebraic data types and provides a the possibility of defining functions over the disjoint sum of algebras. We exploit such natural form of overloading to define a functional interpretation of a simple, but significant fragment of a typical objectoriented language.

