
Enrico Tronci. "Automatic Synthesis of Control Software for an Industrial Automation Control System." In Proc.of: 14th IEEE International Conference on: Automated Software Engineering (ASE), 247–250. Cocoa Beach, Florida, USA, 1999. DOI: 10.1109/ASE.1999.802292.
Abstract: We present a case study on automatic synthesis of control software from formal specifications for an industrial automation control system. Our aim is to compare the effectiveness (i.e. design effort and controller quality) of automatic controller synthesis from closed loop formal specifications with that of manual controller design, followed by automatic verification. Our experimental results show that for industrial automation control systems, automatic synthesis is a viable and profitable (especially as far as design effort is concerned) alternative to manual design, followed by automatic verification.



Enrico Tronci. "Formally Modeling a Metal Processing Plant and its Closed Loop Specifications." In 4th IEEE International Symposium on HighAssurance Systems Engineering (HASE), 151. Washington, D.C, USA: IEEE Computer Society, 1999. ISSN: 0769504183. DOI: 10.1109/HASE.1999.809490.
Abstract: We present a case study on automatic synthesis of control software from formal specifications for an industrial automation control system. Our aim is to compare the effectiveness (i.e. design effort and controller quality) of automatic controller synthesis from closed loop formal specifications with that of manual controller design followed by automatic verification. The system to be controlled (plant) models a metal processing facility near Karlsruhe. We succeeded in automatically generating C code implementing a (correct by construction) embedded controller for such a plant from closed loop formal specifications. Our experimental results show that for industrial automation control systems automatic synthesis is a viable and profitable (especially as far as design effort is concerned) alternative to manual design followed by automatic verification.



Alessandro Fantechi, Stefania Gnesi, Franco Mazzanti, Rosario Pugliese, and Enrico Tronci. "A Symbolic Model Checker for ACTL." In International Workshop on Current Trends in Applied Formal Method (FMTrends), edited by D. Hutter, W. Stephan, P. Traverso and M. Ullmann, 228–242. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1641. Boppard, Germany: Springer, 1998. ISSN: 3540664629. DOI: 10.1007/3540482571_14.
Abstract: We present SAM, a symbolic model checker for ACTL, the actionbased version of CTL. SAM relies on implicit representations of Labeled Transition Systems (LTSs), the semantic domain for ACTL formulae, and uses symbolic manipulation algorithms. SAM has been realized by translating (networks of) LTSs and, possibly recursive, ACTL formulae into BSP (Boolean Symbolic Programming), a programming language aiming at defining computations on boolean functions, and by using the BSP interpreter to carry out computations (i.e. verifications).



Enrico Tronci. "Automatic Synthesis of Controllers from Formal Specifications." In Proc of 2nd IEEE International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods (ICFEM), 134–143. Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 1998. DOI: 10.1109/ICFEM.1998.730577.
Abstract: Many safety critical reactive systems are indeed embedded control systems. Usually a control system can be partitioned into two main subsystems: a controller and a plant. Roughly speaking: the controller observes the state of the plant and sends commands (stimulus) to the plant to achieve predefined goals. We show that when the plant can be modeled as a deterministic finite state system (FSS) it is possible to effectively use formal methods to automatically synthesize the program implementing the controller from the plant model and the given formal specifications for the closed loop system (plant+controller). This guarantees that the controller program is correct by construction. To the best of our knowledge there is no previously published effective algorithm to extract executable code for the controller from closed loop formal specifications. We show practical usefulness of our techniques by giving experimental results on their use to synthesize C programs implementing optimal controllers (OCs) for plants with more than 109 states.



Rosario Pugliese, and Enrico Tronci. "Automatic Verification of a Hydroelectric Power Plant." In Third International Symposium of Formal Methods Europe (FME), CoSponsored by IFIP WG 14.3, edited by M.  C. Gaudel and J. Woodcock, 425–444. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1051. Oxford, UK: Springer, 1996. ISSN: 3540609733. DOI: 10.1007/3540609733_100.
Abstract: We analyze the specification of a hydroelectric power plant by ENEL (the Italian Electric Company). Our goal is to show that for the specification of the plant (its control system in particular) some given properties hold. We were provided with an informal specification of the plant. From such informal specification we wrote a formal specification using the CCS/Meije process algebra formalism. We defined properties using μcalculus. Automatic verification was carried out using model checking. This was done by translating our process algebra definitions (the model) and μcalculus formulas into BDDs. In this paper we present the informal specification of the plant, its formal specification, some of the properties we verified and experimental results.



Enrico Tronci. "Hardware Verification, Boolean Logic Programming, Boolean Functional Programming." In Tenth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), 408–418. San Diego, California: IEEE Computer Society, 1995. DOI: 10.1109/LICS.1995.523275.
Abstract: One of the main obstacles to automatic verification of finite state systems (FSSs) is state explosion. In this respect automatic verification of an FSS M using model checking and binary decision diagrams (BDDs) has an intrinsic limitation: no automatic global optimization of the verification task is possible until a BDD representation for M is generated. This is because systems and specifications are defined using different languages. To perform global optimization before generating a BDD representation for M we propose to use the same language to define systems and specifications. We show that first order logic on a Boolean domain yields an efficient functional programming language that can be used to represent, specify and automatically verify FSSs, e.g. on a SUN Sparc Station 2 we were able to automatically verify a 64 bit commercial multiplier.



Enrico Tronci. "Equational Programming in lambdacalculus." In Sixth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), 191–202. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IEEE Computer Society, 1991. DOI: 10.1109/LICS.1991.151644.



Adolfo Piperno, and Enrico Tronci. "Regular Systems of Equations in λcalculus." In Ictcs. Mantova  Italy, 1989. DOI: 10.1142/S0129054190000230.
Abstract: Many problems arising in equational theories like Lambdacalculus and Combinatory Logic can be expressed by combinatory equations or systems of equations. However, the solvability problem for an arbitrarily given class of systems is in general undecidable. In this paper we shall focus our attention on a decidable class of systems, which will be called regular systems, and we shall analyse some classical problems and wellknown properties of Lambdacalculus that can be described and solved by means of regular systems. The significance of such class will be emphasized showing that for slight extensions of it the solvability problem turns out to be undecidable.



Corrado BÃ¶hm, Adolfo Piperno, and Enrico Tronci. "Solving Equations in λcalculus." In Proc. of: Logic Colloquium 88. Padova  Italy, 1989.



Corrado BÃ¶hm, and Enrico Tronci. "XSeparability and LeftInvertibility in lambdacalculus." In Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), 320–328. Ithaca, New York, USA: IEEE Computer Society, 1987.

